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The PDPP Analysis Mannequin For eLearning Programs

Find out everything you need to know about PDPP

Nowadays, eLearning is the preferred method of education, be it in academic courses from educational institutions or in company training courses. The evaluation of an eLearning module is necessary to ensure that the module achieves the learning objectives. There are different models for evaluating a learning module. One such model is the PDPP model. This model was developed by Weiyuan Zhang and YL Cheng from the University of Hong Kong. They constructed a four-phase evaluation model.

PDPP stands for planning evaluation, development evaluation, process evaluation and product evaluation.

  1. The planning evaluation evaluates the quality of the planning that was done prior to the development of the course. Planning is just as important as development. Commonly addressed issues include assessing market demand, feasibility, target group of students, course objectives, funding, and quality assurance.
  2. The development evaluation evaluates the various aspects of the actual development of the eLearning module. General issues covered include the assessment of blueprints, eLearning platform, course website, lesson design, learning resources, assignments and exams, and tutors.
  3. The process evaluation evaluates the process that was followed in the development of the eLearning module. General issues covered include overall assessment, technical support, website usage, learning interaction, resource use, learning assessment, learning support, and flexibility.
  4. The final stage is the product evaluation, which evaluates the effectiveness of the eLearning module as a product offered by the developer organization. Commonly addressed issues include assessing satisfaction levels, teaching effectiveness, learning effectiveness, other outcomes, and sustainability.

There are a total of 26 parameters for which an eLearning module is assessed. This makes it one of the most comprehensive valuation models. It is also widely used for eLearning courses in higher education.

Various studies by researchers show that the PDPP model can be used effectively to ensure the quality of eLearning courses. It has become the benchmark for establishing quality in the range of courses offered by educational institutions.

Advantages of the PDPP model

As a comprehensive evaluation model, the PDPP model offers various advantages. Some of them are as follows:

  • Evaluation of all aspects
    The PDPP model takes into account all aspects of an eLearning course. It goes beyond the module being developed, its content, media, or user experience. Standard valuation models limit the valuation area to these factors only. However, the PDPP model carries out a comprehensive assessment based on 26 parameters from the market study on the sustainability of the course. No other model lacks such a comprehensive assessment.
  • effectiveness
    Evaluations using the PDPP model have proven to be the most effective for the most detailed assessment of an eLearning course.
  • extension
    The PDPP model is based on the tested CIPP evaluation model (Context, Input, Process, and Product). However, the PDPP is more improved and better in its bottom line.
  • Quality feedback
    Studies conducted by researchers have shown that using a systematic evaluation such as the PDPP model can be a feedback mechanism to make improvements in future courses. After all, we can all learn from our mistakes.
  • Benchmarking
    The PDPP evaluation can be used as a benchmark for future courses.

Disadvantages of the PDPP model

The PDPP model also has some drawbacks.

  • No ongoing model
    The PDPP model can be applied after completing the course. Therefore, it cannot be used as a quality control model, only as a quality assessment model.
  • Requires expertise in various areas
    The PDPP model comprises a wide variety of activities to be evaluated. So it requires people with different skills.
  • Time consuming
    The PDPP model is very time consuming. This is evident from the comprehensive assessment.

With the increasing demand for eLearning courses, it is becoming more and more important to evaluate them from different perspectives.

Educational institutions invest a lot of money and resources in creating a course. On the other hand, the students invest a lot of money and time in these courses.

Courses must therefore be carefully evaluated against all parameters and not just academic ones.

The PDPP evaluation model offers us a condensed way of evaluating all aspects of an eLearning course from market research to sustainability. If implemented consistently, the PDPP model can help to significantly increase the quality of eLearning.


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