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Archaeological Tourism – The Indian Cities That Are Misplaced In Historical past

They are built, then they thrive … before they are forgotten; This has been the fate of many cities since ancient times. Few names have remained immortal through legend or literature, while other names remain completely hidden until chance leads to the discovery of these mysterious capitals and their return from the dead.

These cities were once fully populated, but were abandoned for very long years due to wars, natural disasters or climate change. These cities are witnesses and remind mankind that in the end everything will perish. The mysterious monuments of these lost cities, beautiful in most cases, caught the imagination of millions of travelers curious about the history and treasure hunters from all over the world. If you feel like exploring relics of bygone ancient civilizations, here are some of the most amazing lost cities. These amazing effects have quickly taken their place on the Indian tourism map and there is no doubt that they will pique your curiosity.

The Indian government promotes archaeological tourism in order to preserve historical sites and increase the population’s interest in antiquities. This includes visits to archaeological sites, museums or special centers to raise archaeological awareness, re-photograph historical events or rediscover original products, festivals or theater. Many of these cities were known, while some were discovered many years after their destruction. Here is a list of some of the lost Indian cities:

Archaeological Tourism – The Lost Indian Cities, History Forgotten But I Found


Muziris is a faded shade of his old image. It used to be one of the largest cities in the world and the most densely populated and densely populated port in the world. Today it is just one place where it is difficult to get closer to the situation of rural areas. In the first century BC, Muziris was one of the main trading ports in the country, exporting spices, especially black pepper.

Paliam Nalukettu MuseumPaliam Nalukettu Museum (Courtesy Muziris Heritage Limited / Kerala Tourism)

It has been said that this city was richer than Rome during the monarchy. According to what was stated in the texts; The city received ships from foreign merchants sailing on the Periyar River, which was laden with gold and laden with pepper or black diamonds. As it was said. Aaron Nair, a frequent traveler on the Holiday iQ website, recommends visiting the city as coconut palms, red-tiled houses, countless lakes and beaches leave a lasting impression on every visitor.

Museum of Jewish History - Archaeological TourismJewish History Museum, Muziris

The importance of the spices and their trade caused the Arabs in later periods to keep the road to the city of Muziris a secret, as the Greek sailor Hippalus did not discover a direct route to Kerala until AD 40 and the Romans then followed on to Manu Pillai, author of the book “Ivory Throne: Travancore House News”, a book exploring the life and work of Saitho Lakshmi Bai, the last queen of the Travancore dynasty in southern Kerala.

Also read, Top 3 Places to Explore in Rajasthan


If you drive seven hours north of the city of Ahmedabad and in the depths of the arid Kutch province, you will pass an island in the middle of the salt flats that is home to a huge city at the time of the Harappan people and it is one of the most important archaeological sites in the country according to UNESCO of the Indus Valley civilization. Dolafira is one of the ancient valley cities, Egyptian and Chinese cities, and Mesopotamia.

Dholavira 1

More than four thousand years ago, Dolafira was one of the greatest cities of its time, and what we see today is a fortified quadruple-shaped city in the heart of a harsh, barren land that was once a prosperous metropolis for about 1,200 years (from 3000 B.C. . to 1800 BC). And it was facing the sea before the level dropped.

Excavation of the archaeological site of DholaviraExcavation of the archaeological site of Dholavira

The location of the city that has been excavated and explored shows the Harbans’ ability and ingenuity to establish a high-level system in urban planning, using ideal proportions, making links and connections between established areas for specific purposes. as well as the shape of the roads and the establishment of an effective water protection system that has managed to support life in a harsh, hot climate for more than 1,200 years. It also shows the facilities, the hierarchical shape of the streets and the use of space and empty spaces well, such as the allocation of land for industries, land for administrative buildings, in addition to infrastructure such as the sewage system, the advanced urban life that people used to live in this city.


RakhigarhiPreceding the most famous city of the Indus Valley civilization, it was one of the oldest human settlements of that time. The city lies on the dry bed of the Sarasvati River, which was once a flowing stream and is believed to have been around 2000 BC. Is dried out. Archaeological research and scientific data indicate that the position of the city of Rakigari in the Indus Valley civilization was more important than that of the cities of Harappa and Mohenjodaro in Pakistan.

A Rakhigarhi skeleton on display in the National MuseumOne of 11 skeletons found by Rakhigarhi

History can be found in the corners of the village where the ancient past manifests itself in fields or courtyards or mud pools or trenches dug to create the foundation of a house. The village in the state of Haryana, 150 kilometers from Delhi, made headlines after the DNA of a woman who lived in this place some 4,500 years ago revealed the origins of the ancient Indians, about which there is much controversy.

The study, published in the journal Cell, is the result of a five-year excavation in Rakigari. And DNA samples taken from this woman showed that she belonged to a people known today as the ancestors of most of the people of South Asia. The studies showed that she did not belong to the Aryan race as the “Shepherds of Stepa” genes were not found in their DNA, indicating that the Aryan migration to the region occurred after the collapse of the Indus Valley civilization.

Rakigarhi Indus Valley civilizationRakigarhi Indus Valley civilization

Studies have shown an ongoing genetic link between the ancients who used to hunt and forage, even those of today’s South Asian residents. The size of the tools shows a well-mapped city among the rubble with wide streets, brick drainage systems, sacrificial altars, ceramic vessels and statues, weights, bronze tools, combs, copper hooks for fishing, needles and ceramic seals.

A gold foundry was also found that contained around 3,000 unpolished semi-precious stones. Many tools for polishing these stones and a blast furnace were also found. A burial site with 11 skeletons with heads pointing north was found. Everyday tools were located near the skulls of these skeletons. There were snail bracelets on the left wrist of each of the three skeletons that are women, and there was a gold bracelet near one of these structures. Items found included fishing gear, toys, silver items, traces of cotton clothing and seals.

Hence, the city is one of the places every traveler wants to visit to learn details about the Indus Valley civilization and its heyday of more than two thousand years.


For some time now, Adichtenlor has been the scene of polemical theories that are spread and discussed around the world. These theories addressed some of the most important questions related to human history. Not just the history of India. The effects of Adichtenlor, which began in Chennai or Madras at the time, challenged the brightest minds in Calcutta, Berlin, Paris, London, Australia and Ithaca, New York State, where Cornell University is located.

AdichanallurArchaeological site of Adichanallur

At the archaeological site at Adeshtenlur, near the sleepy town of Karon Ghulam, there isn’t much evidence of past greatness as 4 archaeological exploration expeditions: Germans, French, British and finally Indians uncovered hundreds of burial jars that are likely thousands of years old be. Years, along with skeletal remains and thousands of iron and bronze tools, including gold weapons and jewelry. These relics were shipped to Chennai, Calcutta, Berlin and Paris. A newly built building has been erected on the site in Adichtenlore, which is designated as a museum and is waiting for the return of these relics.

Interest in Adeshtenlur among Tamil enthusiasts, cultural heritage lovers and followers of the Dravidian ideology has returned after an urban agglomeration was recently discovered in the village of Kizadi in Sivaganga Province (300 BC to 300 AD) . In addition to the skeletons, several gold wreaths were found on each end, with a hole to tie around the forehead, and on a number of small bronze statues of buffalo, goats, tigers and elephants.

Adichanallur 1Adichanallur aerial view

An examination of the age of specimens found using carbon found them to date from between 905 BC. BC and 696 BC Originate from. While some burial jars contained the skeletons of people of Tamil origins, others were found in the remains of people from Australia, South Asia, East Asia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean.

Kalibangan or Kalibanga, Rajasthan

Another interesting site is the Kalpangan archaeological site, which is part of the ancient Indus Valley civilization that is approximately 5,000 years old. Thanks to the discovery of the city, which was one of the cities of the Indus Valley civilization, to Luigi Pio Tesitori, an Italian scholar and expert in Indian studies, who began excavating the city in 1969.

Entertainment 2 main streetImage courtesy: Entertainment – Wikipedia Hobby before Harappan painted ceramicsHobby before Harappan painted ceramics

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest civilizations in the world, dates from the pre-general era (current); That is, more than two thousand years ago. This civilization was no less in stature than the ancient Egyptian civilization and the Mesopotamian civilization, where it flourished for more than a thousand years before disappearing for some unknown reason. Archaeological exploration in Kalybangan has led to the discovery of Harappan seals, human skeletons, unknown texts, copper bracelets, pearls, coins, toys, ceramics, snails, wheels and ornaments.

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